Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme: A Step towards a Clean India

Introduction

Cleanliness is an essential aspect of a healthy lifestyle, and it directly impacts our well-being. Unfortunately, India is struggling with the problem of cleanliness and hygiene. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014 to tackle this issue. The scheme is an initiative by the government of India to clean the streets, roads, and infrastructure of the country.

Background and Overview of the Scheme

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme is a flagship program of the government of India, which aims to clean up the streets, roads, and infrastructure of the country. It was launched on 2nd October 2014, on the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary. The program aims to achieve its goal by 2nd October 2019, which is the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The scheme aims to provide a clean and healthy environment for the citizens of India.

Objectives of the Scheme

The primary objective of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme is to make India clean and hygienic. The scheme has two components – rural and urban. The scheme aims to:

  • Eliminate open defecation in rural areas.
  • Construct toilets and waste management systems in rural areas.
  • Eliminate manual scavenging.
  • Provide clean and hygienic toilets in schools, public places, and government offices.
  • Ensure proper disposal of solid and liquid waste.
  • Create awareness among the people about cleanliness and hygiene.

Implementation of the Scheme

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme has been implemented across the country, covering both rural and urban areas. The scheme is being implemented by various departments and agencies of the government, such as the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Environment, and Ministry of Health.

Rural Component of the Scheme

The rural component of the scheme aims to eliminate open defecation in rural areas. The scheme provides financial assistance to rural households to construct toilets. The scheme also promotes the use of bio-toilets, which converts human waste into useful biogas and fertilizer.

Urban Component of the Scheme

The urban component of the scheme aims to provide clean and hygienic infrastructure in urban areas. The scheme focuses on the construction of public toilets, waste management systems, and dustbins. The scheme also promotes the segregation of waste into wet and dry categories and its proper disposal.

Achievements of the Scheme

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme has shown significant progress in achieving its objectives. Some of the significant achievements of the scheme are:

Rural Component of the Scheme

  • More than 10 crore toilets have been constructed in rural areas.
  • The percentage of households with access to toilets has increased from 38% in 2014 to 100% in 2020.
  • The number of open defecation-free villages has increased from 33,56,651 in 2014 to 6,02,8774 in 2020.

Urban Component of the Scheme

  • More than 62 lakh public toilets have been constructed in urban areas.
  • The percentage of urban areas with 100% door-to-door collection of solid waste has increased from 18% in 2014 to 70% in 2020.
  • The percentage of wet waste treated in urban areas has increased from 1% in 2014 to 50% in 2020.

Challenges Faced by the Scheme

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme has faced several challenges in its implementation. Some of the significant challenges are:

Behavioural Change

The scheme aims to create behavioural change among the people and promote the use of toilets and waste management systems. However, changing people’s behaviour is a challenging task and requires consistent efforts.

Funding and Implementation

The implementation of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme requires a significant amount of funding. While the government has allocated funds for the scheme, the implementation of the scheme requires coordination among various departments and agencies.

Open Defecation in Urban Areas

While the scheme has made significant progress in eliminating open defecation in rural areas, open defecation is still prevalent in some urban areas. The lack of public toilets in some areas is a significant challenge in this regard.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme requires regular monitoring and evaluation to ensure its successful implementation. The lack of monitoring and evaluation can lead to inefficiencies and delays in achieving the scheme’s objectives.

Conclusion

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme is a significant step towards a clean and hygienic India. The scheme has made significant progress in achieving its objectives, but there are still several challenges that need to be addressed. The success of the scheme requires consistent efforts from the government and the people of India.

FAQs

What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme?

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme is a flagship program of the government of India, which aims to clean up the streets, roads, and infrastructure of the country.

When was Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme launched?

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme was launched on 2nd October 2014, on the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary.

What are the objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme?

The primary objective of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme is to make India clean and hygienic. The scheme aims to eliminate open defecation in rural areas, provide clean and hygienic infrastructure in urban areas, and create awareness among the people about cleanliness and hygiene.

What are the achievements of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme?

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme has shown significant progress in achieving its objectives. Some of the significant achievements of the scheme are the construction of toilets, the elimination of open defecation, and the promotion of waste management.

What are the challenges faced by Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme?

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Scheme has faced several challenges, such as behavioural change, funding and implementation, open defecation in urban areas, and monitoring and evaluation.